CBSE Notes Class 9 Political Science Chapter 3 - Electoral Politics. In Chapter 3 of Class 9 Civics, you will understand how the representatives are elected. The chapter begins with the topic of why elections are necessary and useful in a democracy. Then it further explains how electoral competition among parties serves the people Election Campaign. It is necessary to have a free and fare and open discussion about who is a better representative ,which party will make a better govt. or what is a good policy. This is what happens during the election campaign. 4. Polling and counting of votes. The final stage of an election is the day when the voter 's cast or poll their.
What is the Election Procedure in India? An election is a contest between different candidates from various parties out of which the voters elect one as their representative. There may also be independent candidates taking part in the election. There are following stages in the electoral process (procedure): (a) Delimitation of constituencies Electoral Politics Class 9 Important Questions Long Answer Type Questions. Question 1. Explain the role of the Election Commission in free and fair elections. [CBSE 2013] Answer: Functions of the Election Commission of India: Allotment of Election Symbols: The political parties of national standing are allotted permanent election symbols ICSE Solutions for Class 9 History and Civics - Elections and the Election Commission ICSE SolutionsSelina ICSE SolutionsML Aggarwal Solutions EXERCISES Question 1. What is meant by Elections? Mention any one principles according to which elections are conducted in a democracy. Answer: An election is an organised process in which people vote to choose the [
The election in India is comprised of various stages: (i) Electoral Constituencies: First of all, the whole country is divided into different areas for purposes of elections.These areas are called electoral constituencies. The voters who live in an area elect the one representative This topic is essentially covered in Class 9 Social Science as students are taught about the Constitution of the country and its origins. The making of Indian constitution was initiated in the constituent assembly. Elected members brainstormed to give space to the diverse nature of India. If you are studying this topic or are interested in. (ii) Yes, the common people feel the way the common man in this cartoon does. After 50 glorious years of Independence, the condition of the common man has changed very little. The claims and promises of the politicians became meaningless to the common man, so he fell asleep by hearing these again. It is a true picture of our democracy
Question 10. Give one reason why it is good to have political competition. Answer: Political competition is good because it gives the power to the people to reward or punish the leaders according to their performance. This is what the election does, it forces the parties and leaders to serve the people. Question 11 Electoral Politics Class 9 Extra Questions Very Short Answer Type Questions. Question 1. Free and fair elections are ensured by the _______ . Answer: Election Commission. Question 2. The leader, Mr. Devi Lai from Haryana is the Chief of Haryana Sangharsh Samiti, led a movement named _______ . Answer: NyayaYudh The President of the Republic of India is regarded as the head of the state of India and the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. The Constitution of India came into force on January 26, 1950, and Dr Rajendra Prasad was elected as the first constitutional head of the state, the President of India The election is notified by the President and the responsibility for conducting it is with the Election Commission of India. The Election Commission appoints a Returning Officer and fixes the date for filing the nomination papers, the last date for withdrawal, and the polling schedule. 2. Filing of Nomination Papers, Scrutiny and Withdrawals
. The process for electing the President of India is quite unlike elections to the Lok Sabha or a state Legislative Assembly Election in India is the largest exercise of its kind in the democratic world. In the election process, the filing of nomination papers by candidates is a very important task. Under Section 14/15 of the Representation of the People Act, 1951, the filing of nomination starts on the date of notification by the President/Governor Election Process. The president is elected for a term of 5 years. He may terminate his own term by writing a resignation addressed to Vice president. He can be removed from the office ONLY by impeachment. He is eligible to re-elected for the same office for unlimited times. The president is not elected by the people directly (iv) When on election duty, government officers work under the control of the EC and not the government. Q.5. Explain how the outcome of elections is a final test of free and fair elections. Ans. (i) The ruling parties routinely lose elections in India both at the national and state level
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering Union and State election processes in India. The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country 1. To explain Election Commission and Indian Electoral system 2. To trace out problems face by the Indian electoral system 3. To suggest measures to free, fair and transparent elections Election Commission of India (ECI) Election Commission of India is a permanent Constitutional body established in accordance with the constitution on 25th. The elections of Lok Sabha and the state assemblies are to be on the basis of adult franchise. Thus, every person who is a citizen of India and who is 18 years of age, is entitled to vote at the. Election Results 2019: Conducting general election in India is no less than a miracle in the eyes of the world. India, being the second most populous nation on earth and being the largest. (iv) He appoints the Chief Justice of India, the Judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts of the states. (v) He appoints the Governors of the states, the Election Commissioners and the Ambassadors to other countries, etc. (vi) All international treaties and agreements are made in the name of the President
Class 9 Notes Social Science Civics Chapter 2 In the previous many years of examinations, significant importance has been given to the following topics from this chapter. The students are therefore asked to have a deep understanding as detailed answers (Long Answer Type) could be asked on these concepts Class 9 Civics Chapter 5 Extra Questions and Answers Working of Institutions Working of Institutions Class 9 Extra Questions and Answer Civics Chapter 5 Very Short Answers Type. Question 1. Who is the supreme commander of the defence forces in India? Answer: The President is the supreme commander of the defence forces in India. Question 2
. On 10 July 2013, the Supreme Court of India, in its judgment of the Lily Thomas v Election enables people to be conscious of their rights and duties and stimulates interest in public affairs and develops public spirit. In a democratic political process elections are held regularly. There are different types of elections like - General Election, Mid-Term election, Re-election and By-election. 1
The parliamentary system of government, rule of law, law-making procedure and single citizenship were borrowed from the British Constitution. Independence of Judiciary, Judicial Review, Fundamental Rights and guidelines for the removal of judges of the Supreme Court and High Courts were adopted from the US Constitution CBSE Class 9 Social Science Syllabus 2021-2022 is available here for download in PDF. The board has not deleted any portion of this syllabus for the new academic session The President can be removed from office by the procedure of impeachment. The charges for impeachment can be filed by both Houses of Parliament. However, a procedure needs to be followed for the filing of the resolution. These are. The charges need to be filed only after a notice of 14 days
9 policies and procedures you need to know about if you're starting a new security program Any mature security program requires each of these infosec policies, documents and procedures Notes of Ch 9 Constitution as a Living Document| Class 11th Political Science. Are Constitutions Static? • The Soviet Union had four constitutions in its life of 74 years In 1991, the rule of the Communist. Party of Soviet Union came to an end and soon the Soviet federation disintegrated. After this political upheaval, the newly formed. The US President and Vice President are not elected directly by the people. Instead, they are chosen by electors through a process called the Electoral College. The election process of US President can be consolidated into five steps - Step 1: Primaries and Caucuses, Step 2: National Conventions, Step 3: Election Campaigning, Step. Q.3 Explain how the outcome of elections is a final test of free and fair elections. Ans.(i) The ruling parties routinely lose elections in India both at the national and state level. In fact, in every two out of the three elections held so far, the ruling party lost
The Election Commission of India is an autonomous constitutional authority responsible for administering election processes in India. The body administers elections to the Lok Sabha, Rajya Sabha, State Legislative Assemblies in India, and the offices of the President and Vice President in the country The Making of the Indian Constitution. The Constitution of India was not prepared in haste but the process of the evolution of the constitution began many decades before India became independent in 1947. The process continued unabated since it originated in the freedom struggle till a new constitution was drafted after prolonged debates and. This is the National Portal of India, developed with an objective to enable a single window access to information and services being provided by the various Indian Government entities. This Portal is a Mission Mode Project under the National E-Governance Plan , designed and developed by National Informatics Centre (NIC) , Ministry of. In primaries, party members vote in a state election for the candidate they want to represent them in the general election. Step 2: National Conventions and General Election. After the primaries and caucuses, each major party, Democrat and Republican, holds a national convention to select a Presidential nominee The Election Commission of India (ECI) is an autonomous and permanent constitutional body responsible for organising free and fair elections in the Union and States of India. The Constitution grants the ECI with the power of direction, superintendence, and control of elections to Parliament, state legislatures, the office of president of India and the office of vice-president of India
Ram Nath Kovind is the current and 14th President of India. Kovind assumed office on 25 July 2017 after winning the 2017 presidential election. He is the second dalit to become the President of India. A lawyer by profession, Kovind practiced in the Delhi High Court and Supreme Court of India till 1993 Here is the procedure of counting votes in India in a nutshell. As per Indian laws, the counting of votes is done under the supervision and direction of the Returning Officer of the Constituency. Electoral Systems. The choice of Electoral System is one of the most important institutional decisions for any democracy. The choice of a particular electoral system has a profound effect on the future political life of the country concerned, and electoral systems, once chosen, often remain fairly constant as political interests solidify around and respond to the incentives presented by them Class 10 Political Science Chapter 6 Important Questions are given below to use for class test or for CBSE Board Exams. Questions are prepared from the Chapter 6 of Class 10 Civics NCERT Books based on latest CBSE Syllabus 2021-22. Download Apps for offline use but the main app containing Class 6 to 12 solutions, work only online mode 217.01 Rule 16a-9(a) exempts from Section 16 the increase or decrease in the number of securities held as a result of a stock split or stock dividend applying equally to all securities of a class, including a stock dividend in which equity securities of a different issuer are distributed. This rule is available to exempt payment of a pay-in.
Explain any three common features of democracies. Answer: The following are the three common features of democracies. Regular elections: In a democratic government, the general elections are held to elect a new government. Right to vote: All the citizens of the country, of and above a certain age, have the right to vote The nomination and election processes and procedures are comprehensive - making sure members have the information to decide who will be the future leaders of the Academy. The process of selecting candidates is detailed and deliberate, from reaching out to solicit nominees, fine tuning nomination forms, crafting interview questions and making final selections from a pool of very qualified. Explain any four features of the third tier of government. [CBSE Sept. 2011] Or Explain how the federal experiment has been successful in the matter of formation of states in India. [CBSE Sept. 2010] Or Give two arguments in favour of decentralisation of powers to local governments
Employee Selection Process. Employee Selection is the process of putting right men on right job. It is a procedure of matching organizational requirements with the skills and qualifications of people. Effective selection can be done only when there is effective matching. By selecting best candidate for the required job, the organization will. The Rajya Sabha elections for 16 states covering 58 seats of the 245-member House is currently underway. Here's an explainer on the voting process and the arithmetic involved: Unlike the Lok Sabha, members of the Upper House are not directly elected by the public but by elected representatives of states and Union Territories Condorcet's idea is that \(C\) should be declared the winner since she beats every other candidate in a one-on-one election. A candidate with this property is called a Condorcet winner.We can similarly define a Condorcet loser.In fact, in the above example, candidate \(A\) is the Condorcet loser since she loses to every other candidate in a one-on-one election
.02 In lieu of requesting a letter ruling under this revenue procedure, a taxpayer may obtain relief for certain late S corporation and related elections by following the procedure in Rev. Proc. 2013-30, 2013-36 I.R.B. 173. This procedure is in lieu of the letter ruling process and does not require payment of any user fee Gerrymandering Examples to Explain It in Simple Terms In the simplest definition of the term, gerrymandering is when a political district map is redrawn to favor a class or party in the elections. Political districts have been redrawn to under-represent minorities and favor white voters
2. The Rajya Sabha: Its Composition: The Rajya Sabha, as already mentioned, is Upper House of Indian Parliament. Article SO of the constitution provides that the Council of States shall consist of 12 members to be nominated by the President in accordance with the provisions of clause (3) and not more than two hundred and thirty-eight representatives of the states and of the Union Territories India (Hindi: Bhārat), officially the Republic of India (Hindi: Bhārat Gaṇarājya) is a country in South Asia.It is second largest country in population and seventh largest country by land area. It is also the most populous democracy in the world, bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the southwest, and the Bay of Bengal on the southeast
The Electoral College is a method of indirect popular election of the President of the United States. Instead of voting for a specific candidate, voters in an indirect popular election select a panel of individuals pledged to vote for a specific candidate. This is in contrast to a popular election where votes are cast for an individual candidate Democracy of India. Democracy is defined as a government of the people, by the people and for the people. Democracy is a form of government in which people are governed by their own elected representatives. Democracy guarantees some basic rights and freedom for individuals and its voters. These rights are known as fundamental rights § 9. Rights of accused in criminal prosecutions. In all criminal prosecutions the accused hath a right to be heard by himself and his counsel, to demand the nature and cause of the accusation against him, to be confronted with the witnesses against him, to have compulsory process for obtaining witnesses in his favor, and, in prosecutions by indictment or information, a speedy public trial by. Notes of Ch 6 Judiciary| Class 11th Political Science. Why do we Need an Independent Judiciary? • The principal role of the judiciary is to protect rule of law and ensure supremacy of law. • It safeguards rights of the individual, settles disputes in accordance with the law and ensures that democracy does not give way to individual or group.
Civil rights, guarantees of equal social opportunities and equal protection under the law regardless of race, religion, or other personal characteristics. Examples of civil rights include the right to vote, the right to a fair trial, the right to a public education, and the right to use public facilities (1) We have adopted the Panchayati Raj institutions for achieving democratic decentralisation. Panchayats are constituted at the village intermediate and district levels. Gram Sabha is a body consisting of all persons living in the village. Gram Sabha is considered as the soul of Panchayati Raj. The chairperson of the Panchayat of the village level is elected by the voters of the Panchayat India, after it gained its independence, was declared a sovereign, secular, socialist and democratic republic. The British ruled India from 1858 to 1947, after which India rode down the road of democracy. Therefore, the people in State Legislatures and in Parliament are elected by method of voting. question_answer 27) Write a response to the following arguments against democracy (a) Army is the most disciplined and corruption-free organization in the country. Therefore army should rule the country. (b) Rule of the majority means the rule of ignorant people. What we need is the rule of the wise, even if they are in small numbers
CLASS IX (2020-21) Theory Paper Time: 3 Hrs. Max. Marks: 80 No. Units No. of Periods Marks I India and the Contemporary World - I 46 20 II Contemporary India - I 37 20 III Democratic Politics - I 37 20 IV Economics 37 20 Total 157 80 COURSE CONTEN The first step in the process is to establish the threshold: the minimum number of votes necessary to win a seat. The threshold usually consists of the total number of valid votes divided by one plus the number of seats to be filled, plus one vote. The formula looks like this: Threshold = (valid votes/1+seats) +1 vote 10. Accepting the Results of Elections In democratic elections, there are winners and losers. Often the losers in an election believe so strongly that their party or candidate is the best one, that they refuse to accept the results of the election. This is against democratic principles. The consequences of not accepting the result of a
session 2012-2013 for Class IX and 2013 - 14 for Class X. The same score will be reflected in FA-4 for class IX and Class X. The students will have the option to improve their PSA Score in Class X, as they can sit for the test with Class IX students of the Session 2013-2014 in January - February 2014 The Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968. A registered political party is accorded the status of a recognized state or national party as per the criteria listed in ' The Election Symbols (Reservation and Allotment) Order, 1968 '. This order was amended from time to time. Recognition as a State Party • Constitution was made by the Constituent Assembly which had been elected for undivided India. • First sitting on 9 December 1946 and re-assembled as Constituent Assembly for divided India on 14 August 1947. • Members were elected by indirect election by the members of the Provisional Legislative Assemblies that had been established in 1935 2. Voting and Elections Rights (1) Every adult citizen has the right to vote in elections, on a non-discriminatory basis. (2) Every adult citizen has the right to access to an effective, impartial and non-discriminatory procedure for the registration of voters (a) Country A People who do not accept the country's official religion do not have a right to vote. (b) Country B The same party has been winning elections for the last twenty years. (c) Country C Ruling party has lost in the last three elections. (d) Country D There is no independent Election Commission
A third, less common method, is to involve parties in the actual implementation of the elections, either as staff members of an election management body, such as polling officials, or as being responsible for specific elements of the process, such as voter education or registration The President is the common head of all independent constitutional entities. All his actions, recommendations (Article 3, Article 111, Article 274, etc.) and supervisory powers (Article 74(2), Article 78 c, Article 108, Article 111, etc.) over the executive and legislative entities of India shall be used in accordanc The easiest way to create electron configurations is using an electron configuration table, which is a way of writing down the various orbitals available to electrons. This table is easy to remember, and it makes it possible to generate the electron configuration table for any given element. It looks something like this The President must be a citizen of India, not less than 35 years of age, and qualified for election as member of the Lok Sabha. His term of office is five years, and he is eligible for re-election. His removal from office is to be in accordance with procedure prescribed in Article 61 of the Constitution Union List: The Constitution of India provides for a division of powers between the Union (Centre) and states. It divides all the subjects into 3 lists - Union List, State List, and Concurrent List the Union List describe the subjects under the control Centre Government, the State List describes the subjects under the jurisdiction of states being the Concurrent List describes the subjects.
Impeachment is the way to remove Indian president for violating the Constitution of India by the Parliament .The house (either loksabha or Rajyasbha) initiates theprocess by levelling the charges against the President. The charges are contained in.. Election - Election - Voting practices: There is a direct relationship between the size of an electorate and the formalization and standardization of its voting practices. In very small voting groups, in which political encounters are face-to-face and the members are bound together by ties of friendship or common experience, political discussion is mostly informal and may not even require. Jurisdiction Of Civil Court Under Civil Procedure Code Section 9 of CPC deals with the jurisdiction of civil courts in India. It says that the courts shall (subject to the provisions herein contained) have jurisdiction to try all suits of a civil nature excepting suits of which their cognizance is either expressly or impliedly barred Constitution of India, also known as 'Bharatiya Samvidhan', is the Supreme Law of India. The constitution of India is the longest written constitution of any country on earth. It was adopted by the Constituent Assembly of India on 26th November 1949 and became effective on 26th January 1950. Dr. B. R ADVERTISEMENTS: Everything you need to know about the process of collective bargaining. Collective bargaining is a process by which employers and employees confer in good faith and come to an understanding about the terms and conditions of work and other related aspects. The objective of bargaining is to settle matters on discussion tables with mutual [
The strategy worked. Roosevelt won the election with almost 58 percent of the popular vote and 472 Electoral College votes, compared to incumbent Herbert Hoover's 59. The 1932 election is considered an example of a critical election, one that represents a sudden, clear, and long-term shift in voter allegiances. After this election, the. Published by GOVERNMENT OF INDIA MINISTRY OF LAW AND JUSTICE (LEGISLATIVE DEPARTMENT) NEW DELHI - 110 001 Printed by JAINCO ART INDIA 13/10, W.E.A., Karol Bagh, New Delhi-110 005 Federal EEO Complaint Processing Procedures. Contact EEO Counselor. Aggrieved persons who believe they have been discriminated against must contact an agency EEO counselor prior to filing a formal complaint. The person must initiate counselor contact within 45 days of the matter alleged to be discriminatory. 29 C.F.R. Section 1614.105 (a) (1) Political Parties Class 10 MCQ Question 1. Give the meaning of 'Alliance'. (a) Two parties together form the government. (b) Leftist and Rightist together form the government. (c) When state and national parties together form the government. (d) When several parties in a multiparty system join for the purpose of contesting elections and.