Home

German Shepherd Lab Mix puppy weight chart

German Shepherd Weight And Growth Chart: Puppy To Adult

German Shepherd Lab Mix - A Complete Guide to the Sheprado

Looking at the German Shepherd height chart, you will notice that the puppies double in height between months 1 and 3 and again between months 2 and 4. The first 4 months of your puppy's life is when you will see the largest amount of growth. The height growth rate will slow down by 6 months Last Updated on August 9th, 2020 German Shepherds weigh anywhere between 66 to 88 pounds for males and between 49 to 71 pounds for females. German Shepherd Dogs large dogs and their weight is justified by their height, which at the shoulder is about 24 to 26 inches for males and 22 to 24 inches for females So, for the same example of the 12-week old puppy that weighs 24 ounces (1.5lb), according to the chart, his 6-week weight was probably between 12.5 and 15 ounces. Double that to between 25 - 30 ounces then double that again to between 50 - 60 ounces Puppies that are considered a medium-sized breed, usually reach adult weight between nine and ten months old. Dogs that are considered to be medium-sized are between 25 - 50 lbs at adult weight. Medium breed dogs do most of their growing between 0 - 16 weeks. List of Medium Breed Dog Based on its parent breeds' typical measurements, a Labrador German Shepherd cross can weigh up to 88 pounds and measure 26 inches tall at the shoulder. As such, the Labrador Retriever German Shepherd mix can be a fairly large pet to consider. Lab Shepherd Mix Color

This is followed by a steady weight gain of 5-10%. And moderate to 70 times the ultimate weight of puppy birth. Check the puppy growth chart for a description of the different puppy development stages and puppy growth rates. German Shepherds usually reach physical maturity in 18-24 months. Interestingly, some Eastern European lines mature more. While there are exceptions, at this litter size, the puppies will normally be about 1% of the mother's pre-pregnancy weight. Puppy Growth Chart . Brusky at 4 Months My boyfriend and I bought an all white German Shepherd Lab mix puppy about a month ago from a breeder in London, Ontario. When we got him at 3 months Breed Weight Male Weight Female Affenpinschers 7-10 pounds 7-10 pounds Afghan Hounds 50-60 pounds 50-60 pounds Airedale Terriers 50-70 pounds 50-70 pound

8 Week German Shepherd Puppy Weight

How big are Lab and German Shepherd mix? The average size for German Shepherd Lab mix male will be 75 lb to a hundred lb. The averages size and weight for a female German Shepherd Labrador mix will be between 50 to 65 pounds. Other ways we can help: Below; My friend Mark. German Shepherd Rottweiler mix. Meet Jackson 6-month old puppy. At this age, toy and small dogs will have almost completed their growth. Other larger breeds such as a German Shepherd, Retriever, or Spaniel will have reached about ⅔ of his adult weight by this age. Great Danes and other larger breeds should ideally have reached about half of their adult weight

German Shepherd Feeding Chart. There are three aspects of this feeding chart, namely the German shepherd feeding amount, feeding frequency, and mealtime lengths.. It is important to find out the appropriate feeding amount, frequency, and length for your German shepherd without leaving out one of them.That way, you can accurately find out the best way to feed your dog It can be German shepherd or Labrador retriever or vice versa, but you can always expect short, double coat with bold figure. It's a medium to large sized breed, if once matured, Height ranges from 22-25 inches, and weight can be 50-85 pounds. Generally, Females are found less weight comparing with male

German Shepherd Growth Chart Featuring Weight and Height

  1. About the weight gain of puppies. Generally, larger dogs take longer to reach their adult weight. Small dogs will be almost fully grown at around 10 months old, while really big dogs will continue to grow until around one and a half years old. The food your puppy is eating is very important for it to grow
  2. Dog weight chart Your Puppy's growth: Monitor your puppy's weight, Compare it with the average curve and that of other registered dogs, possibly print its weight curve to seek advice from your veterinarian or share it on the forums
  3. This is your best chance at figuring out how big your puppy will get, especially if they are a mixed breed. If you have a German Shepherd puppy, you will know from their breed standard, when fully grown they range from 48 to 90 pounds in weight
  4. Labradors and German Shepherds are both medium to large sized dogs. Labs weigh 55 to 80 pounds, and GSDs weigh 50 to 90 pounds. For both breeds, females tend to occupy the bottom end of the weight range, and males the upper end. So, a black Lab German Shepherd mix could weigh anything between 50 and 90 pounds too
  5. As the German Sheprador is a relatively new mixed breed, there are few standards when it comes to size. That said, as a mix between German Shepherd and Labrador parents, you can expect the German..
  6. We have the most inclusive puppy weight calculator on the web with over 450 dog breed calculation formulas! Mixed breeds, too! Get an instant, mathematical estimate of how big your puppy will get. Our puppy weight calculator estimates the adult weight of your pup based on his current age, weight, and breed
  7. Dog weight chart Labrador. Your Puppy's growth: Monitor your puppy's weight, Compare it with the average curve and that of other registered dogs, possibly print its weight curve to seek advice from your veterinarian or share it on the forums. You can register up to 9 puppies per account

Interactive German Shepherd Growth Chart and Calculator

  1. 6 Month Old German Shepherd Puppy Weight. A German Shepherd puppy that is 6 months old should weigh between 44 and 57 pounds, depending on the dog's natural size. Some GS's are going to be naturally larger than others, while others are smaller, so you should only use the weight as a marker
  2. The adult Labrador Retriever has an average weight of 25 to 32 kilograms for females and 29 to 36 kg for males. The final growth and weight that a Labrador will reach will depend on the genetics, diet and health of the dog during the growth stage. If your choice is the food section, we recommend Royal Canin special food for puppies
  3. Call them Labrashepherds or German shepradors, but no matter which, a German shepherd/black Lab mix is a multifaceted hybrid of the two most popular dogs in America, according to the American Kennel Club, and blessed with the best of both breeds. With optimum care, life expectancy is 10 to 12 years
  4. e how much food to feed your dog, you should start by knowing your dog's estimated adult weight. Most large breed dogs will weigh between 50 to 150 pounds, while small breeds weigh.
  5. History and Origin of German Shepherd Lab Mix dog [] Bullador| Labrador retriever & Bulldog Mix Dog Breed. In Labrador Mix Dog Breeds. Lab puppies' weight growth chart or labs weight chart [] Boxador dog Puppy breed facts, pictures & Price. In Labrador Mix Dog Breeds
  6. Looking For Puppy Weight Chart? We Have Almost Everything on eBay. Get Puppy Weight Chart With Fast and Free Shipping on eBay
German Shepherd Weight Chart - Gallery Of Chart 2019

German Shepherd Growth Chart GSD Puppy Weight Char

12. German Shepherd Beagle Mix. Beagles belong to the hound group of dogs. The German Shepherd Beagle mix may be a little more challenging to train than a herding breed, but can still make a great pet. Weighing between 20 and 50lbs this mix will usually make a medium sized, short coated dog. 13 Every dog can get infections, yours too. Benadryl for dogs can help. Learn the advantages and side effects. Includes a dosage chart

A gerberian shey normally reaches its full adult size an. German shepherd golden retriever mix dog breed guide for 2020 chart to measure growth rate of your german shepherd dogy german shepherd australian mix puppies german shepherd and yellow labrador retriever mix dogs breeds the german shepherd labrador mix sheprador allshepherd 59 best. For a more accurate estimate, enter your Labrador puppy's current age and weight into our Puppy Weight Predictor to predict its adult size. Please note this is an estimate based on typical growth patterns for Labrador puppies A German Shepherd does not require the same things as a Corgi, so there is no such thing as a one-size-fits-all solution to provide for them. Before we start calculating the dog's predicted height and weight, let's look at an interesting video about the 7 stages of puppy growth and development Keeping your dog's weight in the right range is very important when it comes to making sure your pet is healthy and happy. It's also helpful for knowing what dosage of preventative medication they need, like Sentinel for dogs.That's why we've developed the chart below, which shows the optimum weight for over 200 different breeds

8 week old german shepherd diarrhea. A german shepherd puppy that is 6 months old should weigh between 44 and 57 pounds depending on the dog s natural size. An average weight of german shepherd puppies according to a giant census study of dogs in italy is about 503 grams or 1 1 lbs at birth Here is the missing piece of the puzzle. Each point above 5 or I'd venture to say below 4 is equivalent to 10 % weight. So for example if you score your dog at a 7. That means the dog is 20% overweight. If your dog's current weight is 32lbs then the estimated ideal weight would be 80% of that number or 26 lbs The Shepdrador combines the Lab and German Shepherd. Breeds: Labrador Retriever and German Shepherd. The German Sheprador is a mix between the Labrador Retriever and the German Shepherd. This is truly a breed that's super-impressive in the popularity stakes; the Labrador Retriever is #1 on the AKC charts, and the German Shepherd is right behind at #2

But, as a GSD owner, it is interesting to know about what to expect as your German Shepherd puppy develops, in terms of weight. Because this is one thing so many new owners especially seem to be surprised by. Some are overwhelmed, some just the opposite - especially when they read the findings on this German Shepherd Growth Chart On puppy weight charts for small, medium, large and giant breeds, weight is measured in pounds. If you want to convert pounds to kg's you can use this simple tool Pounds-to-Kilograms conversion. These might also help: 1 oz = just under 28.5 g. 1 lb = .45 kg. 10 lbs = just over 4.5 kg. 100 lbs = 45.3 kg Small-sized breeds grow slowly; therefore, they age slowly too. On the other hand, large-sized breeds tend to grow faster, making them age more quickly. To get a more explicit description, a 10-year-old small-sized dog is equivalent to 56 human years, while a 10-year-old large-sized dog is equivalent to 66 human years

German Shepherd's Weight and Growth Chart - Animals

The Labahoula, as it is called, is a relatively new designer dog. It is a powerful hybrid, combining universally agreeable traits. The resulting dog is a calm, watchful dog. Interestingly, if the Labrador parent is black or yellow, rather than chocolate or red, the result will be more successful. Price for a Puppy German Shepherd mix Will County, Joliet, IL ID: 21-01-10-00172 Hello, my name is Tank I'm almost 7 years old, German shepherd / Husky mix, my birthday is 3/23/2014

Most Labradors would be a darker black, but in the early 20 th century the yellow and chocolate puppies became more popular, with the first recognized yellow lab born in 1899 and the chocolate labs in the 1930s.. The GSD (so called because its official name is the German Shepherd Dog) came about slightly later, dating back to around 1899 - the same as the first yellow labs German Shepherd Growth & Weight Chart [No Email Needed] Want To Estimate Just How Big Your German Shepherd Will Be? Growth Rates From Thousands Of GSD's Used So You Can Accurately Estimate Your Dogs Future Size German Shepherd Weight German Shepherd Colors German Shepherd Training Shepherd Dogs German Shepherds Puppy Growth Chart Boys. An average lifespan of a German shepherd and mastiff is approximately from 10 to 13 years due to their big size. A life expectancy of a metis is going to be the same, however, this rate depends on many factors. Approximate height at the shoulder of a metis is 60-70 cm (females are shorter). Maximal weight is 60-80 kilos, however, all rates that.

Puppy Weight Chart: This is How Big Your Dog Will B

A Lab German Shepherd will have a manageable coat. Both breeds are double coated, but a Labrador's hair is much shorter than a shepherd's. A Lab Shepherd mix dog will likely show a high degree of dog intelligence. A German Shepherd is ranked third, while a Lab is in the number 7 spot The Pitbull Lab Mix has a strong, muscular built and an energetic and agile demeanor. A Pitbull Lab mix can have the characteristics of either parent breed or a mixture of both. On average, the Lab-Pit mix ranges from 17 inches to 25 inches (43 to 63 cm) in height and weighs between 45 lbs to 90 lbs (20 to 40 kg). source 76 to 100. 3-1/3 to 4-1/4. 100+. 4-1/4 plus 1/4 cup for each 10 lbs of body weight over 100 lbs. Note: Dog feeding amounts vary from product to product based on calorie content and formula. Consult the feeding chart on the back of your dog's food packaging Miniature Pinscher x Pug mix = Muggin. Miniature Pinscher x Rat Terrier mix = Rat Pinscher. Miniature Pinscher x Rottweiler mix = Pinweiler. Miniature Pinscher x Schipperke mix = Schipper-Pin. Miniature Pinscher x Shetland Sheepdog mix = Sheltie Pin. Miniature Pinscher x Shiba Inu mix = Shiba Pin. Miniature Pinscher x Shih Tzu mix = Pin-Tzu Gsd Puppy Feeding Chart Page 1 Line 17qq. Royal Canin Labrador Puppy Feeding Chart Haval. German Shepherd Growth Chart Puppy Rate And Weight. German Shepherd Feeding All You Need To Know The Shepherder. German Shepherd Feeding Chart Amount Schedule And Duration Allshepherd. German Shepherd Puppies Growth Chart Page 3 Line 17qq

Puppy Weight Calculator: How Big Will Your Dog Be

The German Sheprador's parents have both achieved AKC status; the Labrador retriever was admitted to the club's sporting group back in 1917 and the German Shepherd dog became a member of the herding group in 1908. Food / Diet. The German Sheprador is a large-sized dog that will consume up to 3.5 cups of dry food daily Boxador dog Puppy breed facts, pictures & Price. Goldador Dog Amazing Facts, Puppies & Price| you should know. Newborn Rottie Puppies Feeding & Care. Labrador mix with Husky Puppies Facts, Pictures & price. Great Dane Mix with Labrador Breed Puppies Facts. German Sheprador Puppies Pure Breed Adoption facts. Labs Weight Chart by Age.

German Shepherd Lab Mix - The Happy Puppy Sit

Pitbull german shepherd mix Pitbull guard dog Pitbull golden retriever mix Pitbull german shepherd Pitbull great pyrenees mix Pitbull german shepherd mix puppy Pitbull grooming Pitbull growth chart Pitbull g blaublitz pitbull - g-osaka u23 h.u.g 秋田 is pitbull dangerous why is pitbull banned Pitbull husky mix Pitbull husky Pitbull hibachi. For the German Shepherd trait, this designer mix breed gets a hefty dose of loyalty and calmness. The Rottweiler brings a sense of silliness and overall enjoyment, yet with a bit of a fiercer look. Together, this is a powerhouse breed that combines the best of both worlds. What you're left with is a dog that is smart, loyal, fun, and loving. You may need to adjust your German Shepherd puppy food amount based on weight, growth, visible hunger, and your vet's recommendations. This is a general purpose guide to how much food to offer at each stage of puppyhood. Up to 16 weeks old: Offer ½ to 1 full cup of food at each meal. 16 weeks to 9 months old: Offer between 1 cup and 1¾ cup. If your puppy is between 4 and 6 weeks old, they should be eating solid food on their own from a bowl. Follow the recommendations on their food bag for amounts. The normal feeding schedule for 6 to 12-week old puppies is four times per day. How Much Should a Newborn Puppy Weigh? Your newborn puppies' ideal weight varies by breed Size calculation method 2. The second way to find out your Border Collie puppy's adult weight is by dividing his current weight from his current age in weeks. For example, your puppy weighs 8 lbs at 13 weeks (8/13=0.61). Multiply the result (0.61) to 52 (the biggest number on our chart), and you'll get 32 lbs

German Shepherd Growth and Weight Chart - Puppy Foo

Pomeranian, puppies for sale oregon, teacup Pomeranian for sale near me, Pomeranian puppies for, sale near me, long haired Pomeranian, Pomeranian puppies for sale near me craigslist, Pomeranian adoption , Pomeranian accessories, Pomeranian adoption uk, Pomeranian and jack russell mix, Pomeranian and pomeranian mix, Pomeranian age, Pomeranian and pug mix , Pomeranian anal glands, Pomeranian. Check Out Puppy Weight Chart On eBay. Find It On eBay. But Did You Check eBay? Find Puppy Weight Chart On eBay Dog Breed Weight Chart. Below is a guide to help you estimate the adult weight and size of your puppy. Yorkshire terrier weight, Yorkie weight, German Shepherd weight, Maltese weight, Labrador Retriever weight, Chihuahua weight, Akita weight, Beagle weight, Bichon Frise weight, Boston Terrier weight, Boxer weight, Bulldog weight, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel weight, Chow weight, Collie weight. German Shepherd Growth Chart. The German Shepherd Growth Chart below will give you a guide, as to what height and weight your German Shepherd should be at each age. Remember that each dog and every circumstance of its life environment and genetic heritage are different so this German Shepherd Growth Chart is approximate A German shepherd's growth rate typically slows at 6 months, and growth after 12 months is minimal. You can track and manage your individual puppy's growth using growth charts. This will help you determine if your puppy has a healthy weight and height for their age

Thanks for posting. I have had my dog Bailey for now 12 weeks and happy to report he is a 3 on the chart. When I got him he was probably closer to a 4 a bit of a tubby pup at 10 months old and I was at concerned that he lost the weight too quickly. But he appears healthy, eating the right amount of good food and getting plenty of walks Breed weight tables give approximations of weights for pure-bred dogs. Breed weights are usually provided as a range reflecting the large amount of variance in the weight of individual dogs within a breed. Sex, age, use and genetics all play a part. For this reason we do not recommend using a dog breed weight chart to classify your dog's weight For a puppy feeding guide, you can visit the product page for detailed guidelines based on your puppy's age and weight: Puppy Turkey and Rice dry dog food Using an example from the feeding chart, if your puppy is expected to weigh 25-32kg as an adult, they should be eating 270g of dry food split between several meals at the age of two months. Calculate your dog's BMI using the calculator below. Ensure all measurements are correct and you have selected the correct breed. This dog BMI calculator can be used as a fairly accurate method of estimating the weight status (i.e. overweight, underweight or ideal weight) of your dog. The calculation is made on a breed basis (request new breeds here) taking in to account the variations in.

Not sure how much chocolate your dog ate? If the packaging of the chocolate is still around, you should be able to read how many ounces or grams of chocolate are in the product. If not, here are some guidelines: A milk chocolate Hershey's Bar contains 1.5 oz (43g) of chocolate. A regular Toblerone Bar contains 3.5 oz (100g) of chocolate Feeding chart for German shepherd dogs according to their age. July 23, 2018, 11:35 pm In general, German shepherd puppies consume more food than an adult. To start, mix 10% dry food in the wet food you are giving, and then increase them by 10-15% each week Weight Conversion Chart for Tubing Puppies 1/2 ounce formula = 15cc 1 ounce formula = 30cc> 1 ounce = 28.3 grams Puppy Weight *Formula Amount Puppy Weight *Formula Amount 1 oz. = 28.3 grams 15cc daily 21 oz. = 594.3 grams 150cc daily 2 oz. = 56.6 grams 15cc daily 22 oz. = 622.6 grams 165cc daily 3 oz. = 84.9 grams 15cc daily 23 oz. = 650.9. Homemade Dog Food Feeding Chart - How Much Homemade Dog Food to Feed My Dog. Homemade Dog Food Feeding Chart - Dog Food Recipes Serving Size From 5 lbs to 150 lbs.- Recipes & Supplements. The chart is an example of amounts you should make for different sized dogs when you are feeding a homemade dog food diet. Each recipe = 4 servings @ 2 servings per da Puppy Weight Chart PDF - this is a blank puppy weight chart that you can print and use to track your own litter. Puppy Weight Chart - Sample Puppy Weight Chart PDF: Raven's 1st Litter - The same information from above, but in a printable PDF form just in case you'd like to print out the document

German Shepherd Growth Chart / Puppy Growth Rate and Weigh

Average Weight of the Shey. The average weight of Shey is between 40 and 90 pounds. How much is a German Shepherd Husky Mix Puppy. Puppies can cost between $300 and $900 dollars to purchase. You will also have to have a crate, a leash, collar, food, and a veterinarian checkup. This can run you between $400 and $600 dollars more So, according to the feeding guide that comes with their food or the chart above, divide that by three or more and give the food to them throughout the day. 3-12 Months: As your puppy gets older, you can reduce the number of feedings to twice daily. Their energy level should reduce; thus, they don't need as much food throughout the day They are a cross between a German shepherd and a Belgian Malinois, they are classed as a Designer dog, Malinois X, Mix or German Malinois. We chose the Shepinois name for it's simplicity. The weight for a female is typically 45-65 pounds and a male is 65-85pds. They have the extreme good health and orthopedics of the malinois as well Using a Puppy Weight Chart. A puppy weight table is a general guide to where your puppy's weight should be during the first few weeks and months of their life. You can use the weight chart as a puppy weight calculator by age for predicting a puppy's weight as they grow into an adult. If you have a mixed breed dog, estimating their final weight. 15-25 LBS. American Indian Dog. 16-22″. 30-60 LBS. American Pit Bull Terrier. 14-18. 30-65 LBS. Anatolian Shepherd (aka Kangal Shepherd) 28-38″ (guess based on Mastiff size; measure your dog to be sure

Paige the Boxer / Shepherd mix puppy. Kynnley is a beautiful German Shepherd / Boxer mix. She's in great health. She's 4 years old in this picture. She loves to run around sometimes, but most of the time she lays around. She is 48.7 pounds approximately. She has another dog friend named Biskit, which they get along okay but do fight lot The Labrador Retriever gets his name from Labrador, Canada, though the breed was developed in 19 th-century Newfoundland as a water dog. Originally called St. John's dog after Newfoundland's capital, Labs worked alongside local fisherman to retrieve their catches

XDOG Sizing Chart

Breed Weight Chart - American Kennel Clu

Delta - 20 Weeks old male.Getting on the scale after 5 month Beabull Dogs 101: Everything You Need to Know. Beabull is a cross of Beagle and English Bulldog, also known as Beagle Bulldog Mix. It's a medium-size dog at about 13 to 15 inches tall with a weight of 30 to 60 pounds. The lifespan of this crossbreed is 10 to 13 years. A Beabull puppy average price is $400 to $1200

Puppy Growth Charts and Calculators – How Big Will My

German Shepherd Lab mix, and Size Full Grown

Note - the information below is indicative only and we recommend to talk to your veterinarian to see if your dog is a healthy weight. Breeds. Male (kg) Female (kg) Affenpinscher. 3-4. 3-4. Afghan Hound. 27-32 Rule of Thumb: The average growth rate of a Doberman puppy is roughly 10 pounds of weight gain for every month of age. One general rule that Doberman owners use to remember the growth rate of the average Doberman is ten pounds every month.. That means they should weigh 20 pounds at two months of age, 30 pounds at three months of age, 40.

A good approach to convert dog-years to human-years is to find out the average lifespan of the breed and the average life expectancy of humans in your country. If you own an Akita in Japan, then your dog's 1 year equals your 6.9 years. (Average human life expectancy in Japan is 83.1 years and the dog breed Akita has an average lifespan of 12. German Shepherd Puppy Ear Stages. It's important to keep in mind that these stages are not set in stone. German Shepherd puppy ears can be unpredictable! Don't panic if your young GSD puppy's ears are doing funky, wobbly things that don't quite fit into any of these puppy ear stages The German Shepherd is one of the most popular breeds in the United States. The German shepherd is a member of the herding group.The breed earned its name thanks to the dogs' job as a herder and guardian of flocks of sheep in the mountainous regions of Germany. In 1899, the dog was chosen by former cavalry officer and veterinarian, Max von Stephanitz, as the perfect breed for military work

german shepherd collie retriever mixed breed dog - onlineThe Average Height & Weight of Labs | Dog Care - Daily PuppyGSD Sammi from Runt to Really?Duke

Every puppy grows at a different rate, but you can expect most Border Collies to weigh more than 20 pounds at six months. Male Border Collies puppies will likely weigh between 20 and 25 pounds, while female will be between 18 and 22 pounds. A full-grown Border Collie stands 18 to 22 inches tall, with male Border Collies being slightly taller. The Shepadoodle is a German Shepherd-Poodle mix. The Shepadoodle is the mix breed of German Shepherd and Poodle. Classified as mildly rare, this breed can both be used as a companion and a working/service dog. The Shepadoodle can weigh from 40 up to 70 pounds (31 kg) The German Shepherd will stop growing from 36 months moving forward. When your German Shepherd reaches this stage, ensure its diet is well maintained to foster a proper growth rate allowing the puppy to reach its adult weight by the end of the 36 th month American Foxhound, Australian Cattle Dog, Australian Shepherd, Canaan Dog, Standard Dachshund, French Bulldog, Glen of Imaal Terrier, Harrier, Kerry Blue Terrier, Miniature Bull Terrier, Sheltie, Sussex Spaniel. MD Neck 14 - 18 Chest 24 - 28 1 40 - 65 . Airedale Terrier, American Staffordshire Terrier, Azawakh, Bull Terrier Size - German Shepherds usually grow up to 60-65 cm; this differs based on gender. Weight - An adult dog could weigh anywhere between 30kg and 40 Kg. So you may have a picture now, how big your pet is capable to grow, provided you feed him well. The husky mix breed Corgi Husky Mix resembles the brawny German Shepherd and sometimes may be overlooked